Labelling supplemented (fortified) food
If you sell supplemented food, you need to meet requirements under the New Zealand Food (Supplemented Food) Standard 2016. Dietary supplements come under other legislation.
What is supplemented food?
Supplemented food is a product that is represented as a food, but it has been modified in some way or had substances added to it so that it performs a physiological role. The supplements or modification mean it provides more than simple nutrition.
Foods that comply with the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code (the Code) are not supplemented foods and need to meet requirements in the Code.
Supplemented food or dietary supplement?
The flow chart in the Supplemented food standard user guide (section 4) helps you decide whether your product is a supplemented food or a dietary supplement. (A link to the guide is below).
Meeting requirements for supplemented food
Most of the regulatory requirements that apply to food under the Code also apply to supplemented food.
The main differences for supplemented food are:
- there are fewer restrictions associated with the use of vitamins, minerals, and bio-active substances
- the requirement to display 'supplemented food' on the label.
Supplemented food must not:
- be specifically formulated for children under the age of 4
- contain substances that are classified under the Medicines Act 1981.
The user guide has helpful information about meeting requirements, and full details of the requirements are in the Standard.
- New Zealand Food (Supplemented Food) Standard [PDF, 149 KB]
- New Zealand supplemented food standard user guide [PDF, 785 KB]
The Standard allows supplemented foods to make self-substantiated health claims in accordance with the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code. This requires a person to notify the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) of a relationship between a food or property of food and a health effect (food-health relationship) which has been established by a process of systematic review.
To notify MPI, use the FA5 form — Established relationship between a supplemented food/property of supplemented food and health effect.
Notification form FA5 [RTF, 2.6 MB]
MPI's role in supplemented food
The New Zealand Food (Supplemented Food) Standard is administered by MPI. It describes the requirements for food-type dietary supplements, that is, supplemented food. This was previously regulated under the New Zealand Dietary Supplement Regulations 1985.
Policy statement on supplemented food [PDF, 26 KB]
Meeting the requirements for dietary supplements
The Dietary Supplements Regulations 1985 exclude food-type dietary supplements. The regulations are administered by Medsafe, a division of the Ministry of Health.
More information about meeting the requirements in these regulations is available on the Medsafe website.
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