Egg production and processing

If you produce eggs, or process, sell or export eggs or egg products for human consumption, you must meet legal requirements for food safety and suitability.

This page covers the legal requirements for eggs and egg products for human consumption. If you're producing eggs for animal consumption, refer to the separate legal requirements for pet food:

Key requirements for egg producers and processors

The legal requirements that apply to your business depend what you are doing. Read a brief summary and then refer to the webpages relevant to your business to find out the specific requirements:

In general:

  • egg producers must comply with the Animal Products Act 1999
  • unless they're exempt, primary processors (those who harvest, candle, grade, and pack eggs) must operate a registered risk management programme (RMP) under the Animal Products Act 
  • secondary processors (those who break eggs and make egg products) must operate under a registered food control plan (FCP) under the Food Act 2014, except where they are exporting with an official assurance (in which case, they must operate a registered risk management programme (RMP) under the Animal Products Act
  • all egg processors must comply with the Animal Products Act and the Food Act.

You'll need to be familiar with both the Animal Products and Food Acts, and their related legislation (for example, regulations, specifications, notices, and standards).

Find out more the Animal Products Act 1999 and Food Act 2014:

Operating under the Food Act

The Food Act 2014 came into force on 1 March 2016. The Act applies to all new food businesses that started from that date.

Existing businesses (registered under the Food Act 1981 or Food Hygiene Regulations 1974 before 29 February 2016) are making the transition between 2016 and 2019. Find out when your type of business has to start operating under the Act:

You may also have to comply with non-food legislation. Find out about the other requirements that may apply:

All finished products intended for human consumption must also comply with Part 1 of the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code:


You may also wish to check international guidelines for secondary processors in countries such as Australia, Canada, Britain, and the United States. For example, you can use clause 3 of FSC Standard 1.6.2 as a guide to process eggs safely.

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